How to Choose the Right Battery Lithium batteries belong to the family if disposable type of batteries that contain lithium ions. If you need continuous supply of power for your item, this battery is recommended for you. Lithium is the lightest metal that is known and aside from that, it also has the most potential for electrochemical activities. Lately, lithium has now dominated the world of consumer electronics because of its popularity. Since this is a light type of battery with high energy capacity, it has been very useful to most portable devices. Lithium doesn’t use any type of poisonous chemicals like lead and cadmium that is why it very safe to use. This lithium is popularly present in most electronic items such as the cell phones, laptops, iPods and other portable devices. Also, the button or coin cell batteries also have lithium content and these batteries are the ones present in watches. They are popular because of the fact that they really possess a lot of advantages. There are two types of lithium batteries – primary and secondary. Primary batteries are the ones that are needed to be disposed once the depletion of their lives arrives. On the other hand, secondary batteries are those that can still be re-used when you recharge them even a couple of times before it reach its depletion. Since lithium is the lightest metal, the battery will also be light. Since primary lithium are those non-rechargeable batteries, they only offer low energy power and the electronic items that are compatible with it are the watches, CD players, toys and even cameras. For the secondary or rechargeable lithium, this is the one that is mostly use especially on the consumer, military and medical electronics. At present, automobile industry is now looking into lithium because of its ability to store more energy.
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Since lithium is a reactive element, it also has the ability to store energy for atomic bonds. The average power that a 1 kg of lithium battery can store is 150 watt/hour. If you compare it to lead batteries, the difference is really high since lead battery can only store maximum of 25 watt. Nickel-metal hydride batteries can even store up to 70 watt/hour only. Generally, lithium batteries can store double figures compared to the other types of batteries.
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Maintaining lithium is not really that high. In fact, lithium doesn’t have to do anything with the memory effect. When it comes to recharging advantage, lithium doesn’t have to be fully drained just to charge it back unlike the nickel-cadmium that needs to be full discharge first before it can be recharge. A typical life of a lithium rechargeable battery can extend up to 5 years compared to the life of other batteries. When you want to dispose the lithium battery, you don’t have to worry about its effect to the environment because it only has low pollution level.